Sunday, May 17, 2015

Information is Power

Greetings Reader!

Librarians are fond of our platitudes.  Knowledge is power, information is power.  We stand up for literacy and we're not going to give anyone your circulation records without a warrant, and even then we'd probably still fight it.

I felt pretty in step with the whole Information Literacy thing I've been talking about lo these 20 plus now years.  Know you need information!  Know where to find information!  Evaluate the information!  Use the information!  Oh, and cite everything exactly depending on which style manual you are using.  Librarians have spent a bit too much time talking just to each other about what "information literacy" means and what it looks like.

So I was schooled by 7 amazing researchers on a Wednesday evening at a program hosted at Stanford by the African and African American Studies department and the Institute for Diversity in the Arts.  I heard a panel curated by author/activist dream hampton of the following:

Patrisse Cullors
Mike de la Rocha
Dante Berry
Yusef Bunchy Shakur
Monifa Bandele
Malachi Garza

Each speaker gave a brief presentation on a specific project/action he or she has worked on and also shared their action items with the audience, which I will add in below.  What struck a chord with me as I listened was how clearly each person defined the information he or she needed to solve the problem being addressed.

For example, when Monifa Bandele and dream hampton were conducting CopWatch patrols in New York City, it was because they needed to know and have evidence of racially biased Stop and Frisk activities.  Malachi Garza's charts illustrated the change over time of the type of youth being incarcerated in order to understand how to improve services to youth instead of just locking them up. Mike de la Rocha spoke passionately about the need to educate people with felonies that have now been reclassified to misdemeanors about how to clear their records.  The silos of data gathering each of these activists confronted just to get accurate statistics on publicly funded law enforcement issues belies the myth that Big Data is going to solve all of our problems.  Is there a possibility of "Big Data" to examine trends and parse situations when some records aren't even being kept?

I am finally getting more comfortable with, or maybe used to, the humbling experience of being exposed to copious amounts of history/data I didn't know about.  More accepting of the bright flood of information coming into my horizons as layers of blinders fall away.  It has been humbling, but also very helpful in trying to make sense of things I didn't understand, as I've come to see that what I thought was the whole story, the big pictures, had great big gaps.

On to more things I didn't know.  I knew about the Black Panthers, but I didn't know about the Young Lords.  I didn't know that currently 2.3 million people in the U.S. are incarcerated, which is an increase of 700% over the past 40 years, which means that 1-4 adults has a criminal record.

I did not know about the book by Yusef Bunchy Shakur about his experience of meeting his father in prison or about Shakur's work as a neighborhood organizer in Detroit.

It is a very interesting time to have grown up in the friendly 1970s of the Midwest in a small college town, where I went to a magnet school as a child, to being an adult in Silicon Valley,  which is actually a jurisdictionally fragmented imaginary location spread across a variety of municipalities and shares codes and regulations with a county, a state, and in fact a nation.

It is easy to point fingers at mass media and bemoan the loss of actual journalism (see "long form journalism" as it is called now) but you know what?  Just like these amazing organizers, if you need to know why something is the way it is, you go find out.  Our world isn't as connected as it could or should be, but the amazing speed with which a hashtag search for #schoolsnotprisons returns a plethora of results demonstrates the role social media can play in tearing away myths.

I have long preached to students suffering through my "instruction" that "you are the interactive part."  The computer will only be able to retrieve what you ask it to retrieve.  Think of all the keywords, think about how is involved in the issue...and so on.

I saw real examples of information literacy, fluency, mastery that Wednesday night, all the more humbling in that these organizers are putting their entire lives into the ideals I cherish:  education, literacy, freedom, arts, and a non-violent society that offers help and healing.

There was also discussion between the audience and the panelists about handing burn-out, negative energy, working against large systems.  I was very happy to hear this addressed and methods of self-care discussed, because burnout is a big hazard in helping professions as well as in activism.  I was particularly struck by Patrisse Cullors' observation that in addition to self care, social movements need to "strengthen the container"--that we all do better when we are in a healthy environment, i.e. "collective care."  Other observations as I hastily wrote in my notes:

From Monifa Bandele:  Pace yourself
From Mike de la Rocha:  Make art
From Yousef Bunchy Shakur:  "You are no good to no one if you aren't good to yourself."
Dante Berry:  Be in Community but rest and disconnect when you need to.

I also heard from the group the message "Don't encourage burn-out."  This is a message I intend to take back to my library community, because I have seen in myself and others when exhaustion turns our passions into resentments frustrations and unhappy behavior.

I think the comments about going in to your work feel strong and energetic resonated with me because the clock is ticking on my academic rumspringa, this wonderful semester I've had to mentally rove about taking classes, going to lectures, yes sleeping in too, and reading what ever I wanted to read in the order I wanted to read it.  How can I hold onto my "working brain" when I return to the tornado of e-mails, meetings, and interactions?  Routines, rituals, enough sleep...and space when ideas are chasing themselves in my head to somehow put them into thoughts.

So I leave you now with the thoughts, actions, and resources of these speakers that unveiled to me in one evening how to truly question and engage:

http://www.momsrising.org

http://www.mhoodies.org

https://mxgm.org

http://www.burnsinstitute.org/our-work/cjny/

http://artistsfor47.com/about-prop-47/

http://dignityandpowernow.org

http://letsfreeamerica.com


Bookcharmer

Wednesday, March 25, 2015

The Whole Story, metadata and linking, and New Stories

Or, what I've learned from #28daysarenotenough.

In February and through March, I've continued my Internet gallop in search of one new thing each day about African American History.  It has been exciting and sobering.  Exciting with the pleasure of learning about a person new to me each day, sobering in realizing what a blank slate my mind was before the discovery.  After this experiment, which I must conclude at the end of March for this year because my Too Read list is staggeringly long and I want to try to do some deep reading and thinking about what I have found so far, I also have a new perspective on the need for metadata and deep linking across sites.

Let's talk about language for a moment.  In searching web sites, I would get different results if I searched "african american woman" vs. "black female."  Why is this important?  Well, think about how sources are tagged and described.  If there isn't a line of code or a linked descriptor/controlled vocabulary to bring like information together, the researcher has to _know_ and search in all possible ways.  If didn't know how to be flexible in my searching, I might not have found out about Jane Bolin, http://www.aaregistry.org/historic_events/view/jane-bolin-americas-first-black-woman-judge or activist Mary Church Terrell http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/terrell/

The above is a fairly obvious example.  But what about more subtle or politically charged language? A tremendous resource for researching history is the Documenting The American South project from UNC-Chapel Hill.  This repository of texts provides the opportunity for unprecedented access to primary source material.  And not just access, organized access through browsing and searching. This repository provides a representative example of the tensions that come to bear on organizing information.  And though I have often found subject headings to be a very useful way of navigating a lot of content, I am finally able to fully grasp Sanford Berman's arguments about the Prejudices and Antipathies of applying LCSH's to people.  If you aren't well schooled in Berman's arguments, get yourself over to http://www.sanfordberman.org/prejant.htm immediately.  Here's the example from DocSouth that has raised my awareness:

If you do a keyword search on "escape" in this repository, 18,000 results are generated.  If you search "fugitive" 5,560 results are retrieved.  However, there isn't a subject heading for Escaped Slaves.  The LCSH is Fugitive Slaves.  Think about the implications of the word "fugitive".  For an example of how the word was employed in the 19th Century, choose one of the entries under the subject heading to read.  You could begin with:

Life and Adventures of James Williams, a Fugitive Slave,
with a Full Description of the Underground Railroad printed in San Francisco in 1873.  The html copy is online at:  http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/williams/williams.html

A scanned copy is available at:

https://archive.org/details/lifeandadventure00willrich

After you read it, or even read just the table of contents and the summary, would you really think that "fugitive" is the best subject heading?  This is an incredible narrative on many levels:  Williams' story and how he tells it, the information he provides about other former slaves and their successful escapes, including his own work on the Underground Railroad.  His move to California, his jobs and his relationships.

This is the work that digital humanities can accomplish:  bringing forward and making accessible texts that complete the story, that will provide seekers with the broader narrative of American history beyond what gets into watered down textbooks and a few hours per week in "social studies."  I found the Williams narrative because I was looking for it, it has been digitized, and I was willing to look at formal subject headings that I now question.

I'm going to keep pursuing my #28daysarenotenough quest until the end of March.  I have been happily surrounding to the "search and click and mull" process to choose a person each morning in a ritual of reading and coffee drinking.  But I am willing to hand it off to you dear reader:  who are the people we should know?  Where can we read their works, see their art, hear their music? I challenge you to expand your to read list and share it with me.  I also ask:  How as librarians and archivists, publishers and teachers, are we building links to repositories that will result in researchers finding the information that they seek?

So, what's on my to read list as a result of this experiment?  Well, right now my neurons are being restructured and my heart broken and stitched together by T. Geronimo Johnson's Welcome to Braggsville.  It is making me want to go re-read Caucasia by Danzy Senna.  I have just finished March Book 2 by John Lewis, which activated that "what's the WHOLE story" question I have held in my mind ever since #Ferguson blew into my West Coast consciousness back in August.

Also on my list:  Professor Annette Gordon-Reed's Hemingses of Monticello, and James McGrath Morris' new book on journalist Ethel Lois Payne, Eye on the Struggle.

And what I'm most anxious to turn my complete attention to and I hope a savvy publisher will pick up on as well, the ongoing blog of 93 year old and National Park Ranger Betty Reid Soskin, go look:  http://cbreaux.blogspot.com/

I have learned from my #28daysarenotenough experience that I do have huge gaps in my knowledge about so many decades and regions and citizens of my country, but if I look and listen and ask and seek, those stories are available and more are coming forth each day.

I am most excited about the increase of new stories and the opportunity to participate in supporting their broader distribution.    If you want new stories, support them with your money and if you don't have money to spare support them with your time through signal boosting.  Here are two stories I can't wait to see on the big screen:

Ella Jenkins, First Lady of Children's Music:  http://www.singasongtogether.com/

Travel Notes of a Geechee Girl:  https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/travel-notes-of-a-geechee-girl--2

#28daysarenotenough

Wednesday, February 18, 2015

#28daysarenotenough

Greetings!

The Bookcharmer is on sabbatical from her library this semester and the liberated schedule has given me the opportunity to do some additional galloping around the internet.  One of the big questions on librarian and researcher minds lately is how  to keep up with/keep track of all the new resources popping up online as libraries and museums digitize and upload collections.  One answer of course is cataloging and metadata, creating the robust framework of descriptions so that search engines can easily index these items.  Another answer is bibliography--creating guides, printed or online, that collate related resources for researchers.

Another answer is, when you have the time, to gallop across the Internet to see what you can find.  Back In The Day, reference collections often had a New Titles shelf so recently acquired titles were in a visible spot that encouraged browsing.  This is how the Bookcharmer learned about rich resources like The Encyclopedia of Bioethics, Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Photography, and Literature of Travel and Exploration: An Encyclopedia.  I could go on, but let me simply link you here to over a decades worth of award winning Reference titles from our friends at ALA's RUSA:  http://www.ala.org/rusa/awards/outstandingreferencesources.

But of course, reference sources take time to compile and distribute.  What about what is happening right now?  I decided to seek out resources new to me available via libraries, archives, museums, and also individual researchers/writers.

I set myself the challenge of finding a new online resource every day during the month of February about African American history, inspired by author/artist Joel Christian Gill who generated the #28daysarenotenough statement about African-American history month.  You can find him online at https://joelchristiangill.wordpress.com and on twitter at @jcg007.  He has generously been retweeting my entries that I tag with #28daysarenotenough and of course you can also follow along with me @Bookcharmer.

Today's find was the update on the ongoing construction of the National Museum of African American History and Culture, you can even see a live construction camera!  http://nmaahc.si.edu/Building/Camera The building is scheduled to open in 2016.  While it is long overdue, it is happening.

The entry I am still thinking about is from a few days ago, about blues singer Memphis Minnie.  Let me break down my path to finding out about her:

1.  Sunday morning Bookcharmer reads her print Sunday New York Times and SF Chronicle.  Finds interesting article in SF Chron about Linda Tillery and the Cultural Heritage Choir.  I find a website for the group http://www.culturalheritagechoir.com and on their blog find an entry about blues guitarist Lizzie Douglas, known as Memphis Minnie.

2.  Still mulling a few days later, I start thinking about where I could find recordings of Memphis Minnie.  Fortunately, my brain kicked out the answer quickly:  Smithsonian Folkways recordings, of course!  And happily....http://www.folkways.si.edu/memphis-minnie/hold-me-blues/blues/music/track/smithsonian

How's that for Internet magic?  A few days ago I didn't know the name Memphis Minnie, and suddenly I'm hearing a clip of her singing.

And immediately, the Internet desire to level up strikes:  oh, the Internet has made us greedy.  Where is the whole song, why isn't it FREE?

Well, it isn't free because  it is cost knowledge for someone to curate this album Blues Roots/Chicago - The 1930's and its fourteen songs and liner notes and bandwidth for Smithsonian Folkways to host it.  And for less than 20 dollars, I can order a cd.  (CD, what it isn't linking me right to iTunes?)

Wait, maybe my library has this album?

I have happy and sad information of you.

Happy:  5 record collection of Memphis Minnie was recorded in 1935!

Sad:  not open access.  But if your library subscribes to the American Music collection in the Alexander Street Press suite of databases, you can listen to songs like:

Memphis Minnie Vol. 1 (1935)

Dirty Mother For You (02:51)

Sylvester And His Mule Blues (03:07)

When You're Asleep (02:54)

You Can't Give It Away (03:07)

Let Me Ride (03:02)

When The Saints Go Marching Home (03:09)

Jockey Man Blues (03:07)

Weary Woman's Blues (03:00)

Reachin' Pete (03:21)

Down In New Orleans (03:00)

You Wrecked My Happy Home (02:43)

I'm Waiting On You (02:28)

Keep On Goin' (02:31)

Ball And Chain Blues (03:33)

He's In The Ring (take A) (03:12)

He's In The Ring (take B) (02:54)

Joe Louis Strut (02:54)

When The Sun Goes Down -Part 2 (03:40)

Hustlin' Woman Blues (02:56)

Selling My Pork Chops (02:57)

Doctor, Doctor Blues (03:19

This is a good example of why the paywall is problematic--if you don't know there's more than what google or other free search engines index, you may not know that your library is going to have more resources.  And even with access to this rich streaming resource, it is streaming, I can't download the songs, so I have to be using some kind of device with Internet access.

In honor of Minnie, I'm buying that cd from Folkways!

Stay curious my friends.  Always ask for more.  Don't think because you can't find something online, there isn't a willing and curious librarian to look for things with you.

#28daysarenotenough

Friday, November 14, 2014

Wisdom from Winston

Dear Reader,

In my last post, I called upon my dear friend Winston Delgado to help me navigate the biblical phrase "Love Thy Neighbor" and dear Winston delivers as only he can.  Before I link to his wonderful response, let me properly introduce him.

WD was one of the very first people I met at freshman orientation at DePaul University in Fall of 1987.  I can still remember the large classroom we sat in waiting for orientation to start.  Me, small town girl just moved into big city, Winston a savvy and suave theatre major!  We introduced ourselves and began chatting.  Among his other talents, Winston has the gift of art.  As we talked, I told him how I marveled at seeing the Chicago skyline and he, practically automatically, began to draw it, skyscraper for skyscraper, getting the building outlines exactly right.  We had a lovely friendship freshman year together, both of us on the newspaper staff, Winston as cartoonist and the Bookcharmer as a photographer, toting my trusty Nikon.  Winston later transferred to another school, and in pre-email and Internet days, losing touch happened pretty often.

It is to this little blog I must give the credit for Winston finding me again!  We were quite happy to reconnect and I continue to be dazzled by his art and his knowledge of the Bible.  Click over here and see what I mean.  http://winstondelgado.wordpress.com/2014/11/14/love-thy-neighbor/

Thank you, Winston.

Tuesday, November 4, 2014

Love Thy Neighbor

Special election day edition of The Bookcharmer.

The Bookcharmer's thought for today is one she draws from religious traditions:  Love Thy Neighbor.  I will ask my dear friend Winston Delgado to expound on this for me, as his knowledge of the Bible is prodigious and impressive.

Friday was Halloween, which in America still means it is a day in the year when adults bring children to neighboring houses and events in delightful costumes to revel in sweets.  At my library, the annual Halloween parade is one of the best days of the year as the children's librarian leads a parade of costumed children through the building and the library staff joyfully admires their costumes and hands out candies (or in the Bookcharmer's case, pencils and plastic dinosaurs which were just as popular as candy thank you very much!)

We ached with delight to see children dressed as mice, bunnies, bumblebees, princesses, doctors, robots, Iron Man, and pumpkins.  We got to praise the creativity and fearsomeness of scary costumes and swoon over the sweet ones.  We loved our neighbors.

Today, if we can, we vote.  I am well aware that this was not always a privilege allowed my historical sisters.  Indeed, my paternal grandmother who lived to be 100 was a passionate voter as she was 16 years old when the 19th amendment was ratified.

There has been much in the press about the profoundly shocking amount of money dumped into campaigns by distant influences.  But I say to them, you cannot buy the experience of my neighbor coming to my door to ask for my vote in his or her election to city council or water board.  I open my door and we shake hands and I ask my neighbor how he or she will vote on issues I care about.  I thank them for running, ask if they would like a glass of water or other refreshment before they carry on and wish them well.  To meet the people running for office when they come to your own doorstep is a fine thing and I don't believe that can be bought, no matter how much money distant influencers throw at flyers, stupid advertisements, and outrageous editorials.  I know my neighbors.  I see them at the farmers' market, in line for coffee, or at the bookstore.  No one can buy from me the connection that comes from seeing people in office, city, state, or nationally, that I personally voted for.

On the back of my mind since my last post is Ferguson.  I am following several on the ground reporters on twitter, including St. Louis Post Dispatch photographer @kodacohen and St. Louis Alderman @Antonio French. If you aren't already following them, I hope you will and continue to signal boost the situation in Ferguson.

Why is your Bookcharmer, a librarian, writing about these issues?  Because libraries are in an even stronger position to be the repository of memory, we have new tools to document history.  These tools are so powerful that the phrase Activist Archivist is being used.  A fine example of this is the Postville Project in Iowa that documents the immigration raid that occurred in spring of  2008 at the Agriprocessors meatpacking plant in Postville. I hope that in the turmoil and fray of what is happening in Ferguson, that organizers know to set aside extra copies of papers and flyers, posters and press releases, and know that libraries can provide an archive to document your work and preserve it.  Ask the libraries supporting the Postville Project and I would bet they will have good advice on how to do this.

I am far from my Midwestern home, but I still love the people of Saint Louis and Ferguson.  What holds our country together isn't money but neighbors, and even states away I consider you my neighbors.  As a librarian, I know that we can come together to share and get to know one another.  This is expressed beautifully by librarian Scott Brown of the Ferguson library in Missouri who posted:



Thank you @ScottyBonner and thank you everyone who shows that you care by voting.

Your neighbor,  The Bookcharmer